Gum Disease

At your regular check-up, we will assess the health of your gums and how well your teeth are being cleaned.

One of the benefits of regular check ups it that problems with your gums will be identified early.

Gum disease is the inflammation and infection of the gums. It is caused by plaque, a thick sticky film of bacteria that builds up on the teeth. Plaque can harden to become calculus.

 

The stages of Gum Disease

 

In the early stages of gum disease bacteria in the plaque and calculus can damage the gums and cause gingivitis, an inflammation of the gums. Gingivitis can usually be treated successfully be removing the plaque and calculus from your teeth.

In the advanced stages of gum disease serious damage to the teeth, gums and the bone that supports the teeth.

Gum disease is much more frequent in smokers than non-smokers. Smokers are more likely to lose one or more teeth due to gum disease and have a high chance of needing dentures compared with non-smokers.

Signs of periodontal disease

  • Red, swollen, tender, painful and bleeding gums
  • Gums that have shrunk from the teeth
  • Persistent bad breath
  • A bad taste in the mouth
  • Abscesses between the teeth and gums
  • The fit of a denture has changed
  • Loose teeth or drifting apart of teeth.